Kawneer Introduces an Enhanced Expansion Joint to accommodate Building Movement

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Today’s requirement for building facades to incorporate increased levels of building movement has been met by Kawneer with the introduction of a curtain wall system with superior capabilities to counter slab deflection.

Kawneer has launched a fully CWCT tested version of its AA®110 curtain wall system with an expansion joint that will allow for up to 15mm of building movement.

AA110 Expansion JointWhile a conventional pressure-plated and face-capped stick system curtain wall can be constructed with allowance for movement in the vertical direction this is normally limited to +/- 2mm at a mullion/mullion joint. Kawneer have now developed a solution for the AA®110 curtain wall that will allow +/- 15mm at a mullion/mullion joint.

Conventional stick curtain walling is widely specified in the UK and offers a cost-effective façade solution, particularly on buildings which do not have a requirement for significant movement allowance.

One of the main complexities in designing a façade is the accommodation of slab movement/deflection and, due to the extension of structural spans seen in contemporary building designs, slab deflection is increasing. This places additional demands on a façade design team to accommodate movement between slab and façade.

When building designs require facades to withstand high slab deflections one solution is to incorporate unitised curtain wall systems like Kawneer’s AA®201 or AA®265 systems, which due to their construction, can provide greater movement allowance.

However, unitised curtain walling usually comes at a cost premium and is generally more appropriate for very large facades and where there might be issues of site access. Traditional stick curtain wall is more readily used by most fabricators and installers in the UK, hence the development of the expansion joint by Kawneer.

The standard mullion/mullion expansion joint only provides a +/- 2mm movement allowance. By increasing the deflection allowance in the curtain walling to +/- 15mm, the beams used to support floor slabs can be reduced in size and consequently in cost.


Working with our approved sub-contractor FK Group, the first project to feature our AA®110 expansion joint is Manchester’s prestigious Circle Square Development.

The joint locates at each slab level and is therefore concealed by spandrel glass or panels. Its specialised engineered foam seals expand and contract with the movement of the structure. A unique transom profile (which incorporates a concealed breather membrane) at each floor level provides allowance for the increased movement of the spandrel infill while maintaining the air and weather tightness of the façade.

Glazing and cladding systems need to be designed to allow for building movement without compromising the performance or safety of the system. The consequences of failing to provide sufficient allowance for in-service building movement can range from a reduction in weather performance to glass breakage and significant system failure.

AA110 Expansion Joint TestIn order to prove the system and to ensure compliance with UK standards, the expansion joint has been rigorously tested during development to ensure performance in all UK conditions. In consultation with the CWCT, an enhanced version of the Standard for Systemised Building Envelope: Sequence B programme was developed. This included a series of performance tests while the expansion joint was in compression, extension and in the neutral position.

Kawneer’s expansion joint gives architects ultimate design freedom by providing a traditional stick curtain wall system that gives exceptional performance in the area of building movement.

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